The effect of using facebook on improving English language writing skills and vocabulary enrichment among University of Jordan sophomore students
Keywords:Facebook L82, Social Networks L14, Writing Skills A31, Vocabulary Enrichment P46
Received date: 14th January 2017, Accepted date: 12th June 2018,
Published date: 1st July 2018
This study aimed to investigate the effects of using Facebook on improving English Language Writing Skills and Vocabulary Enrichment among University of Jordan Sophomore Students, and to answer the study questions:
Are there any statistically significant differences (α=0.05) in the writing mean scores of sophomore students that can be attributed to the teaching method (i.e. Facebook vs. conventional)?
Are there any statistically significant differences (α=0.05) in the vocabulary mean score of sophomore students that can be attributed to the teaching method (i.e. Facebook vs. conventional)?
To achieve the study goals and to answer its questions, a random sample was selected which consisted of (30) sophomore students from the University of Jordan and distributed to experimental group (15) students and control group (15) students. The control group was taught by the conventional way, while the experimental group was taught by the use of Facebook. Data were collected and analyzed to answer the questions using the pre-test, post-test, means and standard deviations, MANCOVA to check differences on pre and posttest for the dimensions of the test, ANCOVA to check differences on pre and posttest for total score, Test /Re-test to check the internal reliability of the test using person correlation.
Results showed positive effect of using Facebook on improving the students’ writing skills and vocabulary enrichment of the experimental group, compared to the control group. Based on the results, the researcher recommended to focus on Facebook usage as a teaching and learning tool and motivating the teachers to adopt and apply Facebook in their writing and vocabulary teaching.
Ahmad, M. (2016). Using Facebook to develop grammar discussion and writing skills in English as a foreign language for university students, sino-us English Teaching, 8(12): 932-952.
Al-Abdallah, M. (2005). Communication and Democracy, 1st ed. Beirut: Dar Al-Nahda Al-Arabiyah for Printing, Publication and Distribution.
Alananzeh ,O,. Amyan,M,.O ALghaswyneh,O,. Shatnawi,H,. Jawabreh,O.(2015). Managing Promoting Tourism Product of the Golden Triangle in Jordan, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science,5(9),pp. 197- 207.
Al-Ananzeh, S. (2011). Saudi Students Attitudes, Beliefs and preferences towards online cooperative learning, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan. Retrieved 10-3-2017 From: http://search.proquest.comeezproxy. yu.edu.jo.
Al-Azza, F., Atameemi, A & Al-Qatawneh, M. (2004). Computer Skills, Arabic Edition, Amman; Dar Al-Yazoori for Publication and Distribution.
Alkhader, M. (2015). The Impact of Using the Social Nnetworking Facebook site on Improving Academic Writing Skills and Reflective Thinking of University of Jordan Students, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
ALsarayreh,M,. Jawabreh,O,. Jaradat,M,. ALamro,S,.(2011). Technological Impacts on Effectiveness of Accounting Information Systems (AIS) Applied by Aqaba Tourist Hotels, European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol.59 No.3,pp.361-369
Alsawaeer, H. (2014). Motives of the University Students and the Schools' Students for Using Social Network (Facebook) And Its Relationship With Their Academic Achievement, Unpublished Master Thesis, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
Anderson, C. (2000). How’s It Going? A Practical Guide to Conferring with Student Writers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
Arroyo, C.(1992).What is the effect of extensive use of computers on the reading achievement score of seventh grade students? (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.353544).
Bani Abdelrahman, A. (2005). The use of instructional technology in EFL: Attitudes of Jordanian teachers of English in Irbid. Mu'tah Lil-Bohooh Wad-Dirasat: Humanities and Social Studies
Bani Hani, W. (2010). Using and Employing Teaching Techniques in the Classroom, Amman : Dar Alam Al-Thaqafa for Publication and Distribution.
Barnett, W., Leslie, M. and Harkey, M. (2006). Facebook, Stanford graduate school, case E-220.
Beauvois, M, &Eledge, J. (1996). Personality types and mega bytes: Students’ attitudes toward computer mediated communication (CMC) in the language classroom. CALICO Journal, 13(2): 27-46.
Bincena, H and Cavus, N. (2011). Social Network sites usage habits of undergraduate students: case of Facebook, social and behavioral sciences, 28(1): 943-947.
Boyd, D & Ellison, M. (2007). Social Networks Site: Definition, History, and Scholarship Journal of Computer – Mediated Communication (on-line), 13(1).
Calkins, L. (1994). The Art of Teaching Writing. Canada: Irwin Publishing.
Charles, M. (1990). Responding to Problems in Written English Using a Student Self-monitoring Technique. ELT. 44(4), 286-293.
Dede, C. (1998). Six Challenges for Educational Technology. An extended version of this draft paper appeared in 1998 ASCD Yearbook, Learning with Technology.: In: Retrieved 15-12-2016 from http://www.virtual.gmu.edu/ss research /cd papers/
DenBeste, M. (2003). 'Powerpoint, technology and the Web: More than just an overhead projector for the new century. History Teacher,36 (4), 491-505.
Desberg, P. (1994). Hyper interactive CAI: Using Hyper Card to Develop Assisted Instruction. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Press.
Fernandiz, A. and Sabirwal, R. (2014). Knowledge management the systems and the process, New York: M. E. Sharpe, INC, Armonk,.
Gamble, C & Wilkins, M (2012). Students Attitudes and perceptions of using FaceBook for language learning. Kwansei, Japan: Gakuin University.
Grabner, S. (2010). Web 2.0 Social Networks: The Role Trust. Journal of Business Ethics, 90 : 505-525.
Graham, C. (2005). Blending Learning Systems: Definition of Blended Learning Global Perspectives, Local Design.
Greenall, S. and Swan, M. (1992). Effective Reading: Reading Skills for Advanced Students. 6th pr. The Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge,.
Greenfield, R (1999). Collaborative e-mail exchange for teaching secondary ESL: a case study in Hong Kong. Language Learning and Technology, 7(1): .40-20.
Haider, M and Ackhter, E. (2012). Extensive Reading in EFL Classroom at Secondary Classrooms in Bangladesh: Current Practices and future Possibilities international Educational Studies, 5(3): 126-131.
Hobbs, R.; Renee, R. and Frost, R. (2003). Measuring the acquisition of media-literacy skills. Language Teaching, 37(2): 128.
Hulstijn, J . (2001). The use of computer technology in experimental studies of second language acquisition: A survey of some techniques and some ongoing studies. Language Learning and Technology, 3(2),32-43.
Hussain, J and Al-Ghoul, E (2014). The Effectiveness of Using Facebook on the Ninth Grade Students` Achievement of English in Jordan. Unpublished doctoral Dissertation, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan .
Ibrahim, M. (2013). The Effect of using Facebook on Improving Students' Writing Skill in English, Unpublished Master Thesis, An- Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
Jayyusi, S. (1990). English Language Curriculum and Its General Guidelines for Basic Education Stage. Jordan: Ministry of Education.
Johnson, D. and Johnson, T. (1988). Critical Thinking through Structured Controversy. Educational Leadership. 45(8): 1-22.
Kokkas, N. (2000). Internet Activities in the EFL Classroom. Retrieved from Ugr/bridges/page 13 html.
Kotler,Ph & Keller,N (2016). Marketing management, 5th Global edition, England: Person Education limited.
Lee, I. (2003). Error correction in L2 secondary writing classrooms. Language Teaching, 37(2) :112.
Mahdeen, Radwan (2012). Advanced writing, Amman: University of Jordan
Makawi, H & Al-Sayed.L. (2009). Communication and its Contemporary Theories. 8th ed. Cairo: Aldar Al-Masriya Al-Lobnaniya for Publication and Distribution.
Masa'deh, R., Shannak, R., and Maqableh, M. (2013). A structural equation modeling approach for determining antecedents and outcomes of students' attitude toward mobile commerce adoption. Life Science Journal, 10(4): 2321-2333.
Medina, M., (2002). A Study of Hispanic EFL Students Learning English within a CALL Classroom: Student Introspection on Learning, Technology, and Community. Unpublished doctoral Dissertation. Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, USA.
Mohammad .A, Omar .J, Khalid A, Mohammed .A.(2011 ). Tourism Promotion through the Internet (Websites) (Jordan as a Case Study), Asian Social Science, Vol. 7, No. 6; doi:10.5539/ass.v7n6p125.
Morad, A. (2004). Intelligent Schools. Alexandria : Al-Baha company for software and computer and electronic publication.
Nolan, P (2011) . Students` Perceptions on the Impact of Using Facebook for English Reading and Writing Skill Improvement. Unpublished Master Thesis, Thammasat University Bangkok , Bangkok, Thailand .
Nunan, O. (2003). The impact of English Language as a Global Language on Educational Policies and Practices in the Asia-Pacific Region, TESOL Quarterly, 37(1), 589-613.
Obeidat, B., El-Rimawi, S., Maqableh, M., and Al-Jarrah, I. (2013). Evaluating the profitability of the Islamic banks in Jordan. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, 56: 27-36.
Reeves, T. (1999). A Research Agenda for Interactive Learning in the New Millennium, Proceeding of ED-MEDIA World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunication. Ed. Collis and R, Washington, USA
Roblyer, M.; Mcdoniel, . Webb, M. Herman, J &Wittly, J. (2010). Findings on and perceptions of social networking sites, the Internet and higher education, 13(3), 134-140.
Rodliyan , R (2015) Using a FaceBook closed group to improve EFL students. Writing, Indonesia: university of Pendidikan.
Rumelhart, D, (1977). Toward an interactive model of reading. In S. Dornic, Attention and Performance, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Sciences Series, 20(2): 9-3.
Sergeant S. (2001). CALL Innovation in the English Language Curriculum: Innovation in English Language Teaching. London: Rutledge New Fetter Lane.
Suker, S & Nordin, N (2014) . Effect of Facebook Collaborative Writing Groups on ESL Undergraduate Writing Performance , 2(2): 1-17 .
Suthiwartharueput, Th & Wasanasomsith, P (2012). Effect of using FaceBook as a medium for discussions of English grammar and writing of FL students. Electronic Journal of Foreign language teaching, 9(2): 194-214.
Thompson, C. (2008). Brave new world of digital intimacy, The New York Times, Review 44(3): 1-34.
Ulusu, Y. (2010) Determinant Factors of Time Spent on Facebook: Brand community engagement and usage types, Journal of Yasar University, 18 (5): 2949-2957.
Wang, T. & Li, L. (2008). Understanding international postgraduate research students’ challenges and pedagogical needs in thesis writing, international journal of pedagogies and learning, 4(3): 88-96.
Woolfolk, A. (2001). Educational Psychology. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Yunus, M., and Salehi, H., (2012). The Effectiveness of Facebook Groups on Teaching and Improving Writing: Students Perceptions. International Journal of Education and Information Techniques , 1(6): 1-41 .
Zamel, V. (1987). Recent Research on Writing Pedagogy. TESOL Quarterly, 21(4): 190-223.