About the Journal

Publishing System

This journal uses Open Journal Systems, which is open source journal management and publishing software developed, supported, and freely distributed by the Public Knowledge Project under the GNU General Public License.

For more details, please visit: Publishing System

What is ORCID ID
ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between you and your professional activities ensuring that your work is recognized.

What is DOI
A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. The publisher assigns a DOI when your article is published and made available electronically.

What is ISSN Number
An International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication. The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title.


Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS) ISSN (E): 2305-9249 ISSN (P): 2305-9494 is an open access, double-blind, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by Center of Excellence for Scientific & Research Journalism (COES&RJ LLC.), USA. The main objective of COES&RJ-JSS is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. COES&RJ-JSS aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world.

COES&RJ-JSS disseminates original and quality research in all disciplines of social sciences. COES&RJ-JSS publishes original papers, review papers, conceptual framework, analytical and simulation models, case studies, empirical research, technical notes, and book reviews. Special Issues devoted to important topics in humanities and social science will occasionally be published.

The journal's scope: it is open to theoretical, methodological, quantitative and qualitative scholarship from all areas within the Social Sciences - defined as the academic disciplines concerned with the study of society, and the relationships between individuals within societies.

Submissions are evaluated on their academic rigor and methodological soundness. Together with the support of an international Editorial Board, we are committed to upholding the highest editorial and ethical standards. We strive to provide our authors and readers with a responsive and efficient service and offer them a highly respected home for their research.

We welcome papers in the fields of humanities and social science such as anthropology, business studies, communication studies, corporate governance, criminology, cross cultural studies, demography, development studies, economics, education, ethics, geography, history, industrial relations, information science, international relations, law, linguistics, library science, media studies, methodology, philosophy, political science, population Studies, psychology, public administration, sociology, social welfare, linguistics, literature, paralegal, performing arts (music, theatre & dance), religious studies, visual arts, women studies and so on.

The journal is published quarterly, in both print and online versions.

Enquiries are requested to be submitted to our editororial office at: editor.jss@centreofexcellence.net


Anthropology, Archaeology, Behavioral science, Business studies, Communication studies, Criminology, Demography, Development studies, Environmental studies, Economics, Education, Geography, History, International studies, Industrial relations, Information science, Journalism, Law, Legal management, Linguistics, Library science, Management, Media studies, Political science, Psychology, Public administration, Sociology, Legal Management, Political economy, Paralegal studies, International studies, Library Science, Information Science, Public Opinion and Survey Research. 

English is the main language of the Journal. Papers in French, German, Spanish and Arabic  are also welcomed.


Journal of Social Sciences (COE&SJR-JSS) provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Authors of articles published in the Journal of Social Sciences (COE&SJR-JSS) remain the copyright holders and grant third parties the right to use, reproduce, and share the article according to the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported license agreement.

Here is the definition of "open access" from the
BOAI (Budapest Open Access Initiative):
"By 'open access' to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet,
permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles,
crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose,
without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.

The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain,
should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited."

We are corporate member of Open Society Foundation and Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI).


Article Submition Charges: There is no submition fee
Article Processing Charges: Euro 150 per accepted and approved article
Printed copy of the journals Charges: Euro 50 per copy of the printed journal.
Please find payment information at:


APCs cover the following:

  • The editorial procedure, including administration related to peer review, author revisions, and final decision-making. COES&RJ employs in-house staff to manage the majority of this process, leaving editorial board members to make key scientific decisions and allowing them to concentrate on their research. To demonstrate its appreciation of the important work done by reviewers and editorial board members, COES&RJ provides them with APC discounts and waivers. APCs also cover for the administrative work done for rejected articles. In 2017, COES&RJ’s rejection rate across all its journals was 59%.
  • Article production: professional language editing, type-setting, formatting, and production in PDF, XML, HTML, and Epub formats.
  • Article hosting and dissemination: website maintenance, contact with indexing databases.
  • Journal administration: including managing the journal website and editorial board, and promotion of the journal among the research community.


The journal is published quarterly every year.

To ensure permanency of all publications, Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS) utilises Portico archiving systems to create permanent archives for the purposes of preservation and restoration.

Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS) content is indexed with CrossRef and assigned a Digital Object Identifier (DOI).

In addition, the journal is available for harvesting via OAI-PMH.

If Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS) is not indexed by your preferred service, please let us know by sending an e-mail to editor.jss@centreofexcellence.net, or by making an indexing request directly with the service. Please inform us if you do so.


Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS) fully supports and encourages author self-archiving of all content.


SSOAR (Social Science Access Repository), Publon, Scilit, NCBI, Index Copernicus, IS Indexing, SPZ, NEP, Issuu, vLex, nereus, J-Gate, Scribd, RePEc, IDEAS, EDIRC, LogEC, Socionet, Citeseerx, PressPad, getCITED, Globethics, EconPapers, BaikalGlobal, IEEE-Explore, Research Bible, Google Scholar, AcademicKeys, AcademicIndex, Jour Informatics, PublishersGlobal, OCLC-WorldCat, Economists Online, Web of Knowledge, Connect Journals-India, Tudom'nyos konferenci'k, Citations in Economics (CitEc), Researcher-ID (Thomson Reuters), EndNote-Basic (Thomson Reuters), Social Sciences Research Network (SSRN), New Jour Electronic Journals & Newsletters, DRJI (Directory of Research Journals Indexing).

Complaints Policy of Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS)

This statement applies about the policies, our procedures and actions about the complaints received to Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS). We welcome the complaints and try our level best to solve the matters to the entire satisfaction of the authors. While on one side, we welcome any type of query or our complaints at the same time. We would like to inform our authors and readers to read and understand the instructions to the authors and the policy of the journal properly, because we will entertain only those complaints whose solutions and explanations are not given in the software of the journal.

Our Understanding about Complaints

The meaning of complaint we understand is any type of unhappiness or dissatisfaction regarding the publication and policies of the journal.
The complaint may be due to the long delay in publication or a replies related to the author.
The complaint may also be about the decision of the editorial board member or chief editor regarding the manuscripts of the author.
Sometimes, the complaints may be about the rude responses or a misjudgment of the editorial board member.
Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS) is aware about the following types of complaints

Complaints from the author.
Complaints about plagiarism.
Duplicate publication or submitting the article to various journal at the same time.
Research results misappropriations.
Complaints regarding the research errors and fraud.
Violations of research standards.
Conflicts of interest.
Bias behavior of reviewers.
Editorial Complaints Policy

Our managing editors, staff and chief editors will take a prompt action on every complaint, irrespective of the authors, academicians or our readers and make their full efforts to solve and satisfy the person to their entire satisfaction. We, at the same time, do not consider every statement is a complaint but if it a healthy criticism, we thanks the person and try to improve our systems.

Policy for Handling Complaints

If the journal receives any complaints which infringes intellectual property rights or contains material, inaccuracies or unlawful material, the journal will immediately paying full attention, investigate about the various aspects of the complaint and try to solve and satisfy the complaints.

Our journal staff and editors make their full efforts to improve the quality of the journal and minimize the mistakes to zero. However, we still accept that occasionally mistakes may occur.

Guiding Principles

Although, as we have started earlier, that we invite queries and entertain complaints for the continuous improvements of the journal quality and for the entire satisfaction of the authors and readers.

We take minimum time (maximum two weeks) to solve the complaints of dissatisfaction.

Sometimes, if there is a complaint from some other author that the present author by its actions or statements, harming the intellectual copy rights, we make arrangement for the discussion of both the parties to discuss & make the matter clear.

How to make a complaint

The complaints of the authors and readers should be sent to the chief editor as soon as possible on the email via; editor.jss@centreofexcellence.net. You are also welcome to discuss about your complaint on the office number of the chief editor which is +1-281-407-7509.


To prepare and submit the paper for consideration please read DUTIES OF AUTHORS and Requirements to the manuscripts.
Before sending an article the author should:

- Do one's best to send an article with good level of English. Well-built articles with a good language usage will increase the possibility to fasten the review process that will let the reviewers and editors concentrate on the articles� academic value.
- Make sure that the paper is interesting for the academic circle, the newness and applicability are well described; the paper makes contribution to earlier researched results concerning appropriate topic.
- Make findings on the basis of reasoned results of the paper.
- Deem the available literature review.
- Stick to the requirements of the manuscript.
- Choose a journal for paper submission comparing aims and scope of the journal and paper.
- Submit the paper only into one journal.
- Arrange the paper according to the style of a chosen journal.
- Avoid using hyphenation in the text, make figures readable and editable, as well as tables� style.
- Use bold type, italics, inferior and superior signs where necessary.
- While preparing tables use net, for column balance use tabulation.
- In numeric values use dot instead of commas (in broken numbers).
- Submit the paper together with cover letter form.

Once a submission is made the Accountable Secretary will reply with an electronic message that acknowledges the receipt of the manuscript. This electronic message also indicates the manuscript number assigned. This number should be cited in all future correspondence.

The Editor will inform an author about the expected volume and issue of the journal where the paper could be published. This lets the authors feel comfortable regarding the reporting to their universities and plan their research activity effectively. We do it within three days after the paper submission.

To submit a paper, please send one copy in the form of MS Word file (format .doc or .docx) and completed Cover letter form attached to an e-mail to the Editor of the relevant journal:

By signing Cover letter form the author confirms that paper has not been submitted anywhere else and is not under consideration by any other journal and/or conference committee.

The author is responsible for all materials presented in the manuscript and confirms that any part of it doesn't contain plagiarism in all its forms.

Early desk rejection reasons:
Early desk rejection reasons:

- paper provides limited interest and tackles too local problem;
- paper uses well known methods;
- paper is badly structured and is not stylized according to the requirements (Publishing Process) of the articles;
- the newness of findings and its applicability are not clear, research motivation and literature review are absent, that does not let appreciate the applicability and usefulness of the work;
- article has poor English writing. Poor English style, grammar mistakes, spelling and stylistic usage may prolong the publication process or lead to desk rejection. In practice we hear from Editorial Board poor English does not let see the possible academic value of the article. It leads to editors� difficulties in finding reviewers for the article, that�s why the submitted articles should be in good English and be sure about it before paper submission. We propose our authors to consider language editor service usage possibilities, that will improve English level and article�s style. There are many translating bureaus, providing authors with editor�s services on competitive prices.

COES&RJ claims all researches submitted to the journals to be original. Authors must provide unique early unpublished paper for a chosen journal.

Authors' responsibility on plagiarism:
1. Self-plagiarism. Materials of earlier published own author�s researches may be used repeatedly if it leads to different or new findings and conclusions and to comparison with former outcomes. While doing so one needs to refer to early published works. In case some part of work was published earlier one needs to make all necessary links and references and provide all necessary information when submitting.

2. Authors should guarantee they have written totally new work and if they used work or part of work of other authors it should be cited in accordance and shown in the cover letter.

3. Authors should not publish papers describing one and the same research in more than one journal or in preprints (salami publications). Such behavior will be considered as unethical.

4. There always should be paper�s proper acknowledgement by other scientists. .

5. Authors are responsible for materials use allowance search (and payment) by the third side.

6. Authors are considered to be those who made a great contribution into concept, project, holding or interpreting the search. All those who have made considerable contributions must be listed as co-authors. Acknowledgement should be said to those who participated in definite significant aspects of scientific research works, or they may be listed as participants.

7. In case the author finds substantial error or drawback in one�s already published work, one should get in touch with the publisher or editor of the journal and cooperate with the editor correcting the mistake or recalling the paper.

The article, which authors are blamed in plagiarism, will be deleted from the site and all who uploaded it will see the reason of recall.

Test for plagiarism
The cases of suspicion in plagiarism (or double submission) are rarely limited to one journal or publisher. In case of finding such a fact the name of a wrongdoer will become known in scientific circles. To test for plagiarism COES&RJ uses plagiarisma program. The editorial board takes part in the process of testing for plagiarism under double blind review.

Peer review
After submission, each manuscript is checked for plagiarism, and assessed carefully to determine if it fits the aims and scope of the journal.
If journal representatives are enthusiastic about the work, the journal editor will appoint reviewers.

What does the peer reviewer do?
Reviewers help determine the validity, significance and originality of the work, and can suggest improvements to the manuscript and the research.
On their recommendation, editors will accept, accept with revisions, or reject a manuscript.

To make good judgments, peer reviewers use their own checklists to evaluate the content for scientific value and originality, to see that articles adhere to general scientific practice as well as the journal’s specific guidelines, and to check that you’ve referenced correctly. The peer reviewer will look closely at your methodology and the validity of your data, and consider your ethical approach.

Our Journal has an initial acceptance rate of less than 16%.
Type of Review: Double Blind Review
External Reviewers: 114 
Internal Reviewers: 4
Time to Review: 80 days 
Reviewer's comments: Yes

All papers are refereed by the international competent researchers using "double-blind" review which is the best practice in paper reviewing.

To provide �double-blind� review all information about authors of the article will be deleted before sending for review.

Peer review means evaluation of work by several scientists qualified in definite research field and with common scientific interests. Collegial survey methods are used for standard quality support, improved performance and trust assurance. In scientific circles peer review is used for understanding relevance of academic articles for publication.

As a publisher we take all reasonable steps to ensure the quality of the published papers. Editors' decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication are based only on the paper's importance, originality and clarity, and the study's relevance to the remit of the journal. For this reason all papers get through peer review process. All authors may appeal against Editorial decisions by dint response to the referees with authors' arguments and explanations. Editors accept resubmissions only when serious problems in paper are solved and paper is revised according to Referees' suggestions. In case of misconduct, conflicts of interest and plagiarism we follow the procedures stated in the COPE flowchart on complaints.

The reviewers' recommendations determine whether a paper will be accepted as it is, without any alteration / accepted with minor revision / rejected, but encouraged to re-write and re-submit / rejected without further consideration. If the author(s) are required to revise the paper we ask them to send us the revised version along with a separate file named Response to the Reviewers (disclosure of made revisions point by point). All authors can appeal against Editorial decisions by response to the referees with authors' arguments and explanations.

In comparison with other journals, we do not impose extra fees on authors for the reviewing.

Typically the manuscript will be reviewed within 80 days. Should the reviewers' reports contradict one another or a report is unduly delayed, a further expert opinion will be sought. If necessary, revised manuscripts may be returned to the initial reviewers, usually within 1 month. Reviewers and Senior Editors may request more than one revision of a manuscript, and alternative reviewers may also be invited to review the manuscript at any time.

Please be informed that this journal charges 150Euro as publication fees plus 25Euro for a printed copy of the journal, to cover the cost and approximate time from submission till publication maybe around 3 to 4 months. We are not fast track publication so thanks for being patient.

Next Step:

1. A special Article ID will be assigned and emailed separately to the corresponding author that you must use in the Email subject line when communicating with us. [approximate time 1 week]

2. Article sent for double-blind peer review. Our team will contact you after we receive a review report. [approximate time 80 Days]. Kindly be patient as sometimes this duration can be longer.

3. The author completes revisions and resends articles to communicating COES&RJ team members.

4. The author receives a Letter of Acceptance/Rejection email [approximate time 2 weeks].

5. In case of acceptance, payment instructions will be sent. The author needs to complete payment as soon as possible.

6. After payment received, the article will be copyedited and published and the author will be notified by email. [approximate time 1 week].


After the paper is typeset, the publisher will furnish the authors of accepted papers with proofs for the correction of printing errors. The proofs must be returned as soon as possible; the issue to which a paper is finally assigned depends in part on the date the corrected proofs are received from the author(s). The publisher is not responsible for the errors which are the result of authors' oversights.


1. Abstract preparation guidelines
1.1. The abstract (200-250 words) should reflect the conceptual content of the article. In the abstract the author should give a brief overview of research importance, describe the subject matter and the aim of research, its methodology as well as highlight the most significant results of research.
1.2. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) classifications that can be found at http://www.aeaweb.org/jel/jel_class_system.php, and a few key words about the manuscript are necessary.
1.3. Font - Times New Roman; text size - 12 pts, line-spacing - one-and-a-half.
2. The paper main body preparation guidelines
2.1. The paper should present the result of independent original research undertaken by the author; it should contain the data never published before.
2.2. The paper should contain a clear description of research objective and its subject.
2.3. The methodology of research should be described in detail.
2.4. The author personal scientific contribution must be grounded in the paper.
2.5. The paper should contain basic suggestions on how to solve the problem under study.
2.6. American English has been preferred to British English.
3. The structure of the paper
3.1. The title of the paper.
3.2. Below, in the centre of the page the name of the author should be printed. Reference to the author's name should be made at the bottom of the page with the footnote marked by asterisk ("*"). The reference should contain information about the author's degree, position and the place of work as well as contact details (phone number, job or/and personal e-mail).
3.3. Below, the text of the abstract should be printed.
3.4. After the abstract's keywords and JEL classifications should be printed.
3.5. Below the main body of the paper should be placed.
3.6. The main body of the paper should be followed by references.
3.7. References contain the list of literature referred to given in alphabetical order.
3.8. All figures and tables should be printed inside the papers' main body.
4. References in the text
4.1. References in the text are made as follows: (Myers, 2000) / (Myers, 2000; Edwards, 2010) / Barber, Odean and Zhu (2008) investigate...; the former being the name of the author, the latter - edition year.
4.2. Please make active the links to Internet sources, and stick to copyright, defining primary source of information.
4.3. Examples of references:
Alchian, A. and Woodward, S. (1987). Reflections on the Theory of the Firm, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 143, pp. 110-136.
Berle, A.A. and Means, G.C. (1932). The Modern Corporation and Private Property, New York: Macmillan, 418 ?.
Cremers, K. and Nair, V. (2005). Governance Mechanisms and Equity Prices, Journal of Finance, 60 (6), pp. 2859-2894.
5. Manuscript length
5.1. The paper should not be less than 2000 words and should not exceed 6000 words.

Provided personal information:
- contact information, such as name, e-mail address, post address and telephone number; information about education and professional experience;
- name and passwords;
- information about payment, e.g. credit or debit cards numbers;
- comments, reviews and messages you left on our resource;
- your interests and preferences.

Information picked about you automatically:
Our resource picks information about you through our servers, as well as by the workers of our departments.

Publisher may use your personal information to:
- keep up with the copyright;
- find, investigate and prevent secutiry threat, fraud or other malpractice;
- copyright of our users, workers, and others;
- provide you with our resources, give you access to our products and services, fulfill order or transaction, hold researches or transactions;
- unswer your claims, comments or problems;
- provide technical or other support, giving safe and valid work of our resources;
- provide you with individual personalized content and services, making them more useful for your needs and interests;
- improve the work of our resources, provide advertisement companies, work out new products and services;
- define and analyze new trends;
- inform you about all changes and updating of our resources, products and services;
- provide you with special offers, actions, reviews as well as similar information about sponsors and communities, affiliated third sides.

We may share your information with appropriate agents, representatives, mutual establishments and organizations, we are agents or sponsors to. They may be important for us in business matters or according to our legal obligations.
COES&RJ takes all necessary precautionary measures to protect your personal information from thief, abuse, unauthorized access, disclosure, change and distraction with the help of appropriate administrative, physical and technical measures in providing security.

Publisher: Centre of Excellence for Scientific & Research Journalism, COES&RJ LLC.
Frequency of Issues: Quarterly: 4 times a year
Launch Date: September 2012
Article Submission Fee: There is no article submission fee
Article Processing Fee: Yes, Euro150 per accepted article
Printed copy of the journals Fee: Euro 50 per copy of the printed journal
Maximum length of an article: 15-20 pages, including graphs, annotations and references. Extra pages will be charged, seperately @ Euro$7 per page

Institutional Membership
-American Sociological Association
-Open Society Foundation
-Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI)
-The Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (�PILA�), CROSSREF, USA


Guidelines for preparation and uploading of presentations

All registered authors with accepted papers should prepare and upload a pre-recorded video of their presentation. This is a prerequisite for a paper to be included in the Conference Programme.

The pre-recorded videos will be available on our research channels ,websites and Video Library.

Please note that the file of your presentation must be a video file in MP4 format and that the duration of the presentation should be strictly 15 minutes.

 It is recommended that your pre-recorded presentation includes a window box with the speaking presenter via a webcam, instead of a voice-over presentation only.

 Instructions for Recording your video Presentation

There are several video conferencing tools available to easily record a presentation. Powerpoint or Zoom are among the most preferable.

Our recommended approach is to record a compatible video, using a webcam or an external video camera to create a small window of the speaking presenter and an external microphone or headset for the audio.

Both Zoom and Powerpoint presentation software allow recording audio and video directly in the application and can export appropriate video files in MP4 format.

See relevant information below for more information regarding Powerpoint and Zoom.


Follow these instructions to add audio and video to your slides.

Follow these instructions to generate a MPEG-4 (.mp4) file from your slides and audio/video.


Follow these instructions for local Recording.

Guidelines for preparing your video

Duration: 15 minutes.

Recommended set for HD format (1280 x 720 or other "720p" setting) or higher.

Please be sure the video includes the title of the paper and the names of the authors following the below template for your PowerPoint presentation.

Use simple (Arial, Calibri) and large (30+) fonts.

Have NO embedded videos.

File Format: MPEG-4 (.mp4) file.

Video Quality: use an adequate front light and an appropriate background for the video headshot of the presenter. Check your files before submitting to ensure their quality (video and sound).

Please use the following naming convention: PaperID.mp4, where PaperID is the code provided by the system during your abstract submission.

Tips for Recording:

Use a place for recording as quiet as possible.

Avoid areas that have echo or bad acoustics.

A good microphone close to mouth. Avoid, if possible, using default built-in microphone on computer.

Remember to speak slowly and enunciate clearly, without pausing.

Make sure you have good front light – ensuring that the light shines brightly on your face. If your back is to a window, close the shades.

Put the camera at eye level.

Do a test recording of a couple of minutes and review the sound and picture quality before recording the entire presentation.  Make adjustments if needed.

If you have any other query, please do not hesitate to email me.


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Editor-in-Chief: Nasir Ali Shamsi
Editor: Dr. Neda Khan
Publisher: Centre of Excellence for Scientific & Research Journalism
Legal Name: COES&RJ, LLC.
File #: 802039747
Federal Tax ID (EIN)#: 38-3940993
Registered office: 
10685-B Hazelhurst Dr.# 16258, Houston, TX- 77043, USA
Phone: +1-281-407-7509
Fax: +1-281-754-4941
Email: editor.jss@centreofexcellence.net
Website: http://www.centreofexcellence.net

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.