Measuring Halal awareness at Bingol City




Halal Awareness, Bingöl City, Halal Logo, Pig’s DNA


Dirty bread factories, the use of halal logo on food produced from unslaughtered chicken and other animals and having pig’s DNA in food products as additives are major increasing concerns with rising mobility and awareness in Bingöl city  East of Turkey. Religious beliefs influence the purchasers’ behaviors and pigs, alcohol and foods dangerous for human body  accepted as Najis (ritually unclean) are forbidden in Muslim religion. Hence, a survey with 500 respondents were carried out at Bingöl city at second quarter of 2016 to learn the awareness of inhabitants and compare its results with past studies done in Erbil city/Iraq Kurdistan  and Yozgat/Turkey. Bingöl city people are known with their more conservative Islamic living styles in Turkey. Descriptive statistics like means, reliability analysis, factor analysis, one way One-Way ANOVA and correlation models are used to analyze data. Results have some familiarities and differences with  Yozgat and Erbil cities results. The results can be used for further studies and commercial firms selling halal products at city. Taste, quality & organic group with 3.75 mean has the highest mean and other critical means come from certification and packaging groups. Moreover, Halal food label on packaging and certifications groups have positive correlation on buying behaviors of costumers. Low level awareness at city can be increased with seminars and classes as since just about 50% of them eat halal foods always. More controls over foods at local markets and groceries can be carried out to increase trust level of costumers as they do not wholly trust products at markets. Hence, they prefer to consume more locally produced organic foods if they can find with suitable prices.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Imran Aslan, Dr., Bingol University, Turkey

Assist. Prof.

Business Administration Department - Department of Occupational Health and Safety,

Bingöl University, Turkey


Ali M.H., Tan K.H., Makhbul Z.M.(2013) “Mitigating halal food integrity risk through supply chain integration”, The 14th Asia Pacific Industrial Engineering and Management Systems Conference (APIEMS 2013), At Cebu, Philippines.

Arif S. & Sidek S. (2015) “Application of Halalan Tayyiban in the Standard Reference for Determining Malaysian Halal Food” Asian Social Science; Vol. 11, No. 17, ISSN 1911-2017 E-ISSN 1911-2025.

Aslan I. and Aslan H. (2016) “Halal Foods Awarness and Future Challenges” British Journal of Economics, Management & Trade, 12(3): 1-20, 2016, Article no.BJEMT.23861, ISSN: 2278-098X.

Abdullah, A.,*Zubairi, S. I. & Ghani, M. A. ( 2007) “Halal Food: Scenario and Current Status in Malaysia”, 10th ASEAN Food Conference 2007, KLCC, Malaysia, 21st - 23rd August 2007.
Bacak S, Yuceer M., & Caner C. (2015) “Consumer perception and behaviors towards halal food consumption in canakkale”,
Int J Health Nutr 2015 6(3): p1-33.

Dogan C.E, Yayla M.E.A., Kavruk M., Canpolat S. , Olgun E.O., Ozdemir D., Ozturk T., Özer H., Serhatli M., Cemek M., Sagdic O.( 2015) “Production of gelatin derived plant from potato starch” , Int J Health Nutr 2015 6(3):14-40)

Dali N.R.S.B.M., Nooh M.N.B., Nawai N.B., and Mohammad H.B. , 2009, “Is halal products are more expensive as Perceived by the consumers? Muslimprenuers Challenges and opportunities in establishing a Blue ocean playing field.”, Journal of Management & Muamalah 2, 39-62.

Holy Koran, Surah Al Maidah, verse 3.

Gulluce A., Kesmen Z., Erdem M., Ozbekar E.(2015)” An alternative halal gelatin source: recombinant gelatin” Int J Health Nutr 2015 6(3),p1-30 .

Karapinar D., Cakirsoy A., Acarali N., Sarac H.( 2015) “In halal food control, rapid, economic and practical method development, implementation and dissemination for the production source of gelatin, glutamate and l-cysteine.” Int J Health Nutr 2015 6(3):14-40.

Kurtoğlu R., & Çiçek B. (2013) “A Research to Determine Consumers’ Perceptions Attitudes and Expectations Towards Halal Products”, Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisİ, 8(3), 181-205.
Kawangit R. M.& Guleng M. P.(2016) “Consciousness of Muslim Converts Towards Halal Food in Malaysia”, Asian Culture and History; Vol. 8, No. 1, ISSN 1916-9655 E-ISSN 1916-9663.

Karahalil E., & Karahalil E. B.C. (2015) “Biotechnological products from the perspective of halal food”, The International 3rd Halal and Healthy Food Congress- Int J Health Nutr 2015 6(3):14-40.
Mamiyev M.B., Demirok E.S. , Ergin B.( 2015) “Suspicions About Baby Formulas” , Int J Health Nutr 2015 6(3).

Shahrinaz I., Kasuma J., Naimullah B.S.S. ( 2015) “Do Attitude, Trust and Knowledge have relationship towards Purchase intention of Manufactured Halal Food Product?”,Proceeding of International Islamic Borneo Conference VIII, Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali (UNISSA), Brunei Darussalam.

SS-Survey Systems (2016) “Determining Sample Size”, Date: 14.05.2016) .
Sulaiman A, Othman N., Baharuddin A.S., Mokhtar M.N., Meisam Tabatabaei M.(2012) “Enhancing the Halal Food Industry by Utilizing Food Wastes to Produce Value-added Bioproducts”, International Halal Conference, PWTC, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia- Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 121 ( 2014 ) 35 – 43, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1106.

Spiegel M., Fels-Klerx H.J., Terrenburg P., Ruth S.M, Scholtens-Toma I.M.J. and Kok E.J.,2012, Halal assurance in food supply chains: Verification of halal certificates using audits and laboratory analysis, Trends in Food Science & Technology 27, 109-119.

Teng P.K., Jusoh W.J.W., Siong H.K., Mesbahi M.M.,2013, “Awareness, recognition and intention: insights from a non-Muslim Consumer survey regarding halal labeled food products in Malaysia” 3rd international conference on management (3rd icm 2013) proceeding, penang, Malaysia,

White G.R.T. and Samuel A. (2015) “Fairtrade and Halal Food Certification and Labeling: Commercial Lessons and Religious Limitations”, Journal of Macromarketing, 1-12, 2015, DOI: 10.1177/0276146715620236.

Yayla M.E.A. , Ekinci C.D. (2015) “(Production of Reference Material for Gelatin to be used in Halal Food Analysis,” Int J Health Nutr 2015 6(3):14-40 The International 3rd Halal and Healthy Food Congress.
Yusofa S. Md., & Shutto N.( 2014) “The Development of Halal Food Market in Japan : An Exploratory Study”, INHAC 2012 Kuala Lumpur International Halal Conference, PWTC, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, , Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 121 , 253- 261.

Zailani S., Iranmanesh M. , Kanapathy K. ( 2016) “Drivers of Consumers’ Willingness to Pay for Halal Logistics”, British Food Journal , DOI: 10.1108/BFJ-06-2015-0212.




How to Cite

Aslan, I. (2017). Measuring Halal awareness at Bingol City. Journal of Social Sciences (COES&Amp;RJ-JSS), 5(3), 340–355.