Pluralism and Hybridity in instant poems: Taxonomizing Indonesian students' degree of nationalism through their creative process

  • Akun Akun Bina Nusantara University Jakarta - Indonesia
  • Wiwik Andreani Bina Nusantara University Jakarta - Indonesia


Poetry can be a device that is rich in meaning in responding to any issues, including pluralism issue. The aim of this research is to elaborate students’ attitudes expressed in their poem on pluralism issues in Indonesia. This research is also conducted to identify and group the responses into three attitudes: positive, negative, and neutral, and into five hybrid categories proposed by Steven G. Yao: Cross-fertilization, Mimicry, Grafting, Transplantation, and Mutation. The research is conducted in five private universities in Jakarta and Tangerang: Bina Nusantara University, Pamulang University, Nasional University, Indonesian Christian University, and Indonesian Al-Azhar University. The result of the research shows that out of 153 poems, most students (65%) have positive attitude toward pluralism. While 16 % of them have negative attitude and only 19% of the respondents have neutral or ambiguous attitude. Interestingly, 36 students (23.52%) use the word “tunngal/one” as a metaphoric medium to express their response, while 33 (21.56%) students use colors to represent their thoughts, 28 students (18.30%) use “bhinneka / diversity” to show their responses, and there are 10 students (6.53%) use “rainbow” to signify pluralism issues. There are strong metaphors found effective in reflecting the students’ ideas such as garden, music, jar, batik, Garuda, salad, and sandals. The strong metaphors, studied in Yao’s hybridization, show all the five degrees of hybrid interaction: two cross-fertilizations, one mimicry, three graftings, three transplantations, and three mutations. It is concluded that the students have positively owned a high degree sense of nationalism in responding to Indonesian plural realities.


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Author Biographies

Akun Akun, Bina Nusantara University Jakarta - Indonesia

Wiwik Andreani, Bina Nusantara University Jakarta - Indonesia


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How to Cite
AKUN, Akun; ANDREANI, Wiwik. Pluralism and Hybridity in instant poems: Taxonomizing Indonesian students' degree of nationalism through their creative process. Journal of Literature, Language & Culture (COES&RJ-JLLC), [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 1-17, jan. 2020. ISSN 2378-3567. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2020. doi: