Legitimate licenses in helping the oppressed

  • Fawaz Ghazi Al-Otaibi University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9330-4377
  • Wa'el Mohammad Arabiat, Prof. Dr. The World Islamic Sciences and Education University, Jordan

Abstract

The license in the Sharia (Islamic Laws) is what Almighty God has prescribed from the provisions except for a general original ruling and the intention is to reduce and facilitate the servants in special cases that require mitigation, and helping the oppressed is a legitimate duty.


The study aims to clarify the concept of the legitimate license and its sections and reasons. It was found that the license is divided into an abandonment license, such as leaving the duty when excusing and deed license such as permitting the prohibited deed. On this basis, the licenses were mentioned in helping. Then the research dealt with helping the oppressed, which is a duty. Among the cases in which he is authorized to abandon the duty of helping. The research dealt with cases in which he is authorized to allow the prohibitions for helping the oppressed.


 The study concluded to the most prominent results that are helping the oppressed is a collective duty on the believers, and it is necessary in two cases. The first is on the Sultan (ruler) and his representative. The second is on whoever can help if he is alone if there is no one to help him other than the authority and likeness of it.


 He is authorized to abandon the help in some cases, which are the inability, harm, and interest.


 The prohibitions that are permissible to use for helping the oppressed are satire in the poetry of the aggressor, whether it is from Muslims or non-Muslims, use lying to prevent injustice from the oppressed, and transfer the words from one person to another for the sake of benefit or prevent corruption.

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Author Biographies

Fawaz Ghazi Al-Otaibi, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

Master of (Jurisprudence and its origins), Kuwait University, Kuwait 2013.

Master of (Jurisprudence and its origins), University of  Jordan, Jordan 2017.

Doctoral Degree (Jurisprudence and its origins), University of  Jordan, Jordan.

Wa'el Mohammad Arabiat, Prof. Dr., The World Islamic Sciences and Education University, Jordan

Professor of Jurisprudence, Economics and Islamic Banks, Faculty of Sharia, University of  Jordan, Jordan

President of The World Islamic Sciences and Education University, Jordan

 

PhD of Islamic Jurisprudence and its Foundations, The field of Islamic economics and Islamic banks, University of  Jordan, Jordan.

Master of Islamic economics and Islamic banks, University of  Jordan, Jordan.

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Published
2020-07-01
How to Cite
AL-OTAIBI, Fawaz Ghazi; ARABIAT, Wa'el Mohammad. Legitimate licenses in helping the oppressed. Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS), [S.l.], v. 9, n. 3, p. 733.771, july 2020. ISSN 2305-9249. Available at: <http://centreofexcellence.net/index.php/JSS/article/view/jss.2020.9.3.733.771>. Date accessed: 22 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.25255/jss.2020.9.3.733.771.
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