The Legitimacy in the Libyan society (reading in a number of studies and reports on the Libyan crisis)

  • Faaiz Masood Muhammad Department of Sociology Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Benghazi, Libya


The aim of this study is trying to interpret the crisis of legitimacy which faced the political system in Libya after the events of 2011, including the multiple legislative and executive bodies, based on specified theoretical perception is Crisis Theory for Jürgen Habermas, which he is trying to linking between the political system has legitimacy and its ability to overcome the different crises and challenges that faced, is a reliable perception in the case of Libya, in particular, every political party in the Libyan scene is consider himself the legal and legitimate representatives of the Libyan community, in light of political division and multiple parliamentary bodies and executive Governments in the country, the researcher adopted in this trying to analytical reading emphasize on specific points in many official and non-official studies and reports on the Libyan situation, study found that all successive political parties that topped the Libyan political scene form 2011, had failed to counter the various challenges whether security or constitutional, and were unable to manage the different crisis suffered by the Libyan citizen, specially economic, living and service, this place it in a real crisis of legitimacy at the level of society as a whole, in light of decrease what they have done in the past and what they can do in the future under the current situation, which contributed in create a case of distrust among the citizens in their programs and plans and lost motivation to participate in the various activities that they supervise on the one hand, and in increasing cases of disrespect for laws and decisions that represent their authority on the other hand, this leads us to say that the political system in Libya after the events of 2011, is faces a national crisis of legitimacy, accompanied by crises in motivation and non-normality, according to Habermas societal crisis theory, this is reflected in our reading of studies and reports that have been exposed to the Libyan crisis.


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1.Idriss Ahmed, Atrash Ahmed, Ben Antar Abdel Nour, Malki M'hamed, and Ould Salik Didi. (2011). The Libyan crisis and its repercussions on the Maghreb. Center for Mediterranean and International Studies Publications, 6 (11), 54-11.

2. Al-Rasheed Saad. (2012). Post-election Challenges of the Libyan National Congress, Journal of Democracy, 48 (12), 33-48.

3.indulgence. (2016). Libya from Revolution to Crisis, Center for Strategic Studies Publications, 3 (12), 1 - 46.

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5. Colombian Virginie (2016). Elections, armed conflict and oil in the midst of competition for power in Libya after Gaddafi. Journal of Arab Politics, (18), 95-102.

6. Latcher and Wolfram. (2012). The Libyan Revolution and the vigilance of local power centers, (Fundacion alfanar). Amman: Spaces Publishing House. 2012.

7.Wallace Shabby, Wolf Allison. (2011). Contemporary Theory in Sociology, translated by Mohammad Hourani. Amman: Dar Majdalawi. 2001.

8. Noufal Ahmed, Golani Atef, Hamoud Qased, Kayyali Abdul Hamid, and Hamad Jawad. (2017). The Libyan Crisis to Where, Amman, Center for Middle East Studies Publications. 4 - 25

9. Christopher Jeffes and Jeffrey Martini. (2014). Libya after Gaddafi: Lessons and Future Impacts, (translated by Idriss Kenawi), Rand American Organization (2012-2014) 1 - 75.

10. Reports of the results of the Libyan elections published on the official website of the High Electoral Commission of Libya,

11. Ministry of Interior, Government of National Accord, Report on Road Accidents in Libya 2017, published on the website of the Ministry,

12. Libyan Situation Monthly Report February 2017, Libyan Organization for Policies and Strategies, 1-99

13. Summary of the report of the World Data Encyclopedia "numbeo - numbeo" on the classification of the countries of the world according to the crime rate in mid-2017, and published on the website of the Voice of Algeria's other, on September 4, 2017,

14. Interview with WHO Special Representative in Libya on WHO's classification of Libya in relation to traffic accidents on 16 March 2018, published on the website of Al Bayan Emirates Magazine,

15. Banda International Consulting Foundation (Bci), Reboot Innovation Foundation (Reboot) and the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (iwpr), Report entitled Post-Revolutionary Women Leaders and Community Activism in Libya, translated by Muath Abu Dalu and Ali Ababneh, 2018, 3--43, www.iwpr .net

16.Libyan Audit Bureau, Annual Report 2016,

17. Libya Oversight Board, Annual Report 2017,

18. Habermas, Jürgen. (1976). Legitimation crisis. (Thomas McCarty). London: (Beacon press).

19. Habermas, Jürgen. (1987). The Theory of communicative Action. (Thomas McCarty). London: (Beacon press).
How to Cite
MUHAMMAD, Faaiz Masood. The Legitimacy in the Libyan society (reading in a number of studies and reports on the Libyan crisis). Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS), [S.l.], v. 8, n. 4, p. 741.755, oct. 2019. ISSN 2305-9249. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 02 july 2020. doi:
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