Diamond Model Development of ICT Industry Clusters in a Developing Country
The ICT industry clusters initiative development in Indonesia has been quite a lot and can be found in various areas, but has not yet to show the optimal result. In West Java, Indonesia, there are some institutions that develop the ICT industry clusters include Bandung Techno Park (BTP), Cimahi Creative Association (CCA), Region IT Center of Excellence (RICE) – PT. INTI, RICE-Bogor, Incubator Business Centre (IBC) Gunadharma, Bandung Digital Valey (BDV), Inkubator Industri Telematika Bandung (I2TB).
The industry clusters involve triple helix (academia, business and government). The triple helix as the main actors should always do a move to form a knowledge circulation spaces (spaces of knowledge in which the three actors already have an understanding and knowledge equivalent), which will direct the three actors to create a consensus space (space agreement where the three actors began making agreements and commitments over a matter) that ultimately will lead to the formation of innovation spaces (spaces of innovation that can be packed into the creative products of economic value).
Diamond model (Porter, 2000) approach is used to analyze the development of industrial clusters. While the research method used is the case study method. ICT clusters are formed to stimulate the growth of skilled labor and sophisticated, as well as the development of knowledge and technology in certain fields. Consequently, if a cluster develops, it will tend to produce not only product, but also intellectual capital and technology.
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